A comparison of the odyssey and the iliad

Then Odysseus comes to the land of the Cyclops where many of his men are eaten alive and he is imprisoned in a cave. Instead, we have an uncertain set of heroes existing in a world that is unstable, as the gods repeatedly disturb any integrity the human plane might build for itself. Five men are eaten, and the rest go to the island of Helios Hyperion, the sun.

With this definition of myth in mind, we can argue that one of our texts checks all of the boxes and the other does not. Upholding a state of honesty, restraint, discipline, honor, and respect are important characteristics that are sought for.

Chryses prays to Apollo and a plague is released upon the Achaeans. Myth tales, according to scholars like Joseph Campbell, are intended to be read metaphorically.

The main character of odyssey is Odysseus. The Epic of Gilgamesh does similar cultural work, as it offers a narrative of how the city-state of Uruk came to be ruled by a great king. In short, the figures in the story are vehicles for the social lessons embedded in the tale.

However, Athena intercedes and causes him to restrain himself. While these texts differ in a variety of ways including the sheer scope of each story in terms of the number of characters, the length of the narrative, the complexity of the plot, etc.

Further, it tells the story of how this king learned compassion and humanity through his brotherhood with Enkidu, and demonstrated the qualities of a hero by defeating Humbaba and attaining wisdom in the form of a secret underwater plant that grants eternal life.

After revealing his identity, Odysseus recounts his wanderings to the Phaeacians. Gilgamesh, with its two part structure and its graphically drawn, clearly delineated archetypal characters can really only be read as a myth tale, according to the prevailing definition of the myth.

Difference Between Iliad and Odyssey

Iliad Dated to around the eighth century BC, Iliad also sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilium or as the Song of Ilion is an ancient Greek epic poem written in dactylic hexameter by the great epic poet Homer.

The odyssey takes place ten years after the Trojan War. Nausicaa is an honored virgin princess and Penelope is known and respected as a virtuous woman who staves off lustful men seeking to sleep with her, while Clytemnestra dishonors her husband and dishonors herself by committing adultery.

In the odyssey, Odysseus and his crew visit many places on their journey back to Ithaca. While both are epic poems, one is primarily a myth tale and the other is an epic adventure less open to direct metaphorical readings. He finally comes to the island of Calypso, where the story began.

Due to the fact that both the poems are written by Homer, there are many similarities between these two epic poems. First, one of the most notable connections is the similar social function that these works may have played for their respective audiences.

Achilles, a basileus in the Greek army, suggests seeking insight from the prophet Calchas. We are invited to read its characters and its actions symbolically. Odysseus prevents his men from hearing their song and they make it past. Seen in this light, both of these stories function in the same general vein in terms of how they communicate a civic identity and also communicate the traits held in esteem by the community.

He sails away and speaks with spirits. Morals are a major theme expressed in the Iliad. The Odyssey deals with Odysseus striving to return home and the morals of mortals are critiqued by Zeus. Both stories help up us reflect and gain a deeper understanding of life in ancient Greece.

After departing, a storm takes them to the land of the Lotus Eater. When they sail away, Zeus destroys their boat to punish their impiety.

The Odyssey opens with Zeus reflecting on mortal affairs. He drags his body behind his chariot for days wishing he would have fought sooner and prevented the death of his friend.

It is also a story that defines what it means to be heroic as the narrative offers numerous examples of heroic figures from Achilles and Hector, to Odysseus and Patroclus.

What are the similarities and differences between Iliad and The Epic of Gilgamesh?

The Iliad and The Epic of Gilgamesh both belong to a conversation on ancient literature and, to varying degrees, to a conversation on myth narratives.

Believed to be composed near the end of the 8th century BC, somewhere in Ionia, the Odyssey is set ten years after the end of the Trojan War and centres on the Greek hero Odysseus who still has not returned home from war. Achilles is impulsive and rushes into meet a challenge whereas Odysseus is more strategic in his approach to war.

The third function is the sociological one — supporting and validating a certain social order Both stories give us insight into the minds of the inhabitants of the earth during this time period and their perception of reality. The virgin princess Nausicaa meets him on shore and takes him to the palace.

Centred on the Trojan War, these two ancient Greek epic poems are world renowned not only for the engaging dialogue with which they present turn of events but also for the beauty with which it is unfolded.

The Iliad can be read as a myth and as an epic piece of narrative entertainment, but it leans heavily toward the latter. The Iliad, on the other hand, ends with an appropriately obscure episode where Achilles has risen again in his might but agrees to hold off his troops so that Hector can be properly buried and mourned.The Iliad and The Epic of Gilgamesh both belong to a conversation on ancient literature and, to varying degrees, to a conversation on myth narratives.

Yet one is more fully "mythological" than the other. Jul 04,  · The Iliad and the Odyssey compliment each other by telling two different stories that both give insight into the Trojan War, the Trojan Horse, the funeral of Achilles, and the return of Menelaus and Helen to Sparta. I recently read The Odyssey and I was just wondering what the casual reader thinks of both the Odyssey and the Iliad (people who aren't historians jump to content The Odyssey vs The Iliad?

save its incredibly long descriptions of shields and lists of ship names, is underrated in comparison to the monsters and epic travels of The.

Comparison of The Odyssey and The Iliad I feel like I can really relate to Achilles and Odysseus in both of the tales. I feel like Odysseus that I am a good leader cares for others, intelligent and cunning. Comparison of Homer=s Iliad and Odyssey Iliad Odyssey Genre Primary Epic - Realistic, psychological Primary Epic - Romantic, archetypal Theme/ concerns Serious Dramatic portrayal of humans.

The main character in Iliad is Achilles the great warrior whereas other main characters involved would be Helen, Hector, Priam and Paris. Odyssey. Also attributed to Homer, the Odyssey is a Greek epic poem written as a sequel to the Iliad.

A comparison of the odyssey and the iliad
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