Or are you a high-risk business that needs to jump through the extra hoops required to secure a government-backed Small Business Administration loan? At what point have you determined that you will cut your losses and sell or close down, and how will you repay investors if this happens? If you own an existing business, gather up your business income statements for the last three years.
These are called "pro forma" statements, and they are based on your assumptions about how your business will perform. Things to consider are: Banks offer several types of loans to businesses that do not present too much risk.
Will you have trade credit, and how long will you have to pay your suppliers? Within each category are numerous subcategories.
Whatever their form, financial statements must be complete, accurate and thorough.
A bank, for example, may want to see monthly projections for the first year, quarterly projections for the second year and annual projections for the third year. You must have supporting schedules e.
You have to convince them that your business is the most promising option. Figure your cash flow. For a cleaning service business, the sales forecast might list one-time cleanings, monthly cleaning contracts and annual cleaning contracts and further break those down by houses, condos, apartment units, entire apartment buildings and office buildings.
For example, if your break-even point is years away, you may want to revisit your numbers to see if there are any opportunities to how to create financials for business plan your business more profitable.
Forecast profit and loss Estimate your sales and expenses on a monthly, quarterly or yearly basis to gauge whether you can expect to make a profit or loss for each of these periods. Some useful tips to keep in mind include: Potential investors will want to know when their investment will pay off and how much of a return to expect.
Structuring Your Financial Plan Begin your financial plan with information on where your firm stands financially at the end of the most recent quarter what its financial situation has looked like historically.
So how, exactly, do you plan to use any money that lenders or investors offer you? Personnel Plan If your business will have employees and not just managers, you will need a Personnel Plan showing what types of employees you will have for example, cashiers, butchers, drivers, stockers and cooksalong with what they will cost in terms of salary and wages, health insuranceretirement-plan contributionsworkers compensation insuranceunemployment insuranceand Social Security and Medicare taxes.
Registrations and licences such as registering for an ABN and business name Rent and utilities Starting working capital — money needed for day-to-day operations 2.
The goal is for you to be able to operate your business on a predefined budget, so there are no hidden or undefined costs that may threaten your business operations over a certain period of time.
Your liabilities will include accounts payable, wages and salaries, taxes, rent and utilities, and loan balances. Lenders and investors want to know what kind of numbers your company is working with and whether your company is profitable or expects to be soon.
Your income statement must reconcile to your cash flow statement, which reconciles to your balance sheet. Tip Keep in mind that a financial business plan for a start-up is based on realistic projections. Proposed Repayment Schedule or Exit Strategy Potential lenders will want to know how and when you intend to repay the loan or line of credit, so you should put together a proposed repayment schedule and terms.
Figure your balance sheet. If you are starting a new business, project your balances per month, forward to one year. To learn more about what investors will be looking for, see Reading The Balance Sheet Use realistic projections.
Include your current personal financial statement if you are applying for a loan. Your projections should be neither overly optimistic best-case scenarios, nor overly cautious worst-case scenarios, but realistic in-between projections that you can support.
This information helps you determine how much financing your business needs and helps outsiders determine whether lending you money or investing in your business is a wise use of their funds.
Additional Financial Information In addition to financial statements, prospective lenders or investors will also want to see a Sales Forecast and, if your business will have employees, a Personnel Plan. Website links to automated templates for the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement are available online.
Your financial statements should show both a long- and short-term vision for your business. This will help you develop sales targets, pricing and likely profit margins. How much will these expenses be, and how often will you need to pay them?
A lender needs to know your personal net worth based on obligations and other personal debt. Your balance sheet should include these three sections: Each number on your spreadsheets must mean something.
Forecast balance sheet List all your expected assets and liabilities after your first 12 months to create a financial snapshot of your business. Do you want a transaction loan, with which you receive all the money at once, or a line of credit that lets you draw on funds as you need them?Common business plan mistakes A comprehensive financial plan is essential to help make sure your business idea will pay the bills, make a profit and help you achieve your financial goals.
You can get started on creating yours by following the steps below. This quick guide offers tips that will help you create the financials section for your business plan.
Video Podcasts Start A Business Subscribe Books Project Grow. How to write the financial plan section of the business plan: the income statement, cash flow projections, and the balance sheet (templates included). How to Create Your Business Plan Financials. How to Write the Financial Analysis Section of a Business Plan.
Elizabeth Wasserman is editor of Inc.'s in the financial section to create pie charts or bar graphs that you can use elsewhere in your business plan to highlight your financials, your sales.
Your business plan financials are essential for lenders and investors who want to see hard figures before putting money into your business. Solid financials could help you get loans and attract investors, even if you aren't operating yet. Team / Shared Users Invite your team, your accountant and your business partners to view and edit your plan Automated Text Writing We create customized text you can edit.
And we automatically sync your financial data into your text for painless updates whenever you change your financials.Download